Why are lithium-ion batteries popular? Lithium is the lightest of all metals. It has the highest electrochemical potential and offers the highest energy density of weight. G.N. Louis et al. In 1912, they pioneered the idea of Li-ion batteries. Only in the early 1970s did the world accept lithium batteries that could not be recharged for commercial use.
Properties of lithium-ion batteries
Because of the highest energy density, Li-ion batteries have advantages over normal nickel-cadmium batteries. Due to the increase contained in the active electrode connection, Li-ion batteries have electrical power densities that are almost three times higher than nickel-cadmium batteries.
The capacity of the lithium battery is also visible. It has a flat discharge curve that allows you to use power stored in the voltage range of your choice.
One of the outstanding features of lithium-ion batteries is that they are low maintenance. There is no memory and the battery does not need a planned cycle to extend its life.
Compared to NiMH batteries and Ni-Cd batteries, the self-discharge Li-ion battery is less than fifty per cent, making it ideal for fuel measurement applications.
Li-ion batteries have a high voltage in the cell and allow the production of batteries that consist of only one cell. This greatly simplifies the battery design. Only a few cellphones work with this design today.
Electronic applications are marked today by low supply voltages. This requires fewer cells for each battery. However, you might need more current to get enough current at low voltage.